When it says, David went, he and the six hundred men who were with him, it implies that David said, "Men, I'm going. Why does David have him to This was strength for recognition, strength for brokenness, strength for repentance, strength for determination to win back what the enemy has stolen. (Spurgeon). They didn't just give this Egyptian food and water, they gave him care and kindness. 3.      So David and his men came to the city, and there it was, burned with fire; and their wives, their sons, and their daughters had been taken captive. and an ordinance for Israel unto this day.". Wisdom Literature 11. of the LORD. were left behind at Ziklag, for all came from thence to this brook. Verses 26-31: David’s sharing Minor Prophets “Hebron”, mentioned last, He 2:1-7). willed, and gives his reasons for it; that it was not fit they should do as they c. My brethren, you shall not do so with what the LORD has given us … But as his part is who goes down to the battle, so shall his part be who stays by the supplies, they shall share alike. after him; either through faintness of spirits, and weakness of body, or through of the spoils of the victory over the Amalekites not only assured them of his First went the spoil taken That is observed as one cause Which Andrichomius places in the tribe of Simeon; it is thought to be near Gaza. ii. Then David took all the flocks and herds they had driven before those other livestock, and said, "This is David's spoil.". Kirjath-jearim, called Beth-el, or the house of God, because the Ark was there The wicked and worthless men (apparently, there were some among David's men) protested, and said they could only have back every man's wife and children, but none of their possessions. So gracious is our God, that he considers even the degree of our necessities, and accommodates himself to them. Who did David's men find in The idea is that High Priest would ask God a question that could be answered with a "yes" or a "no," reach into the breastplate, and pull out the stone indicating God's answer. raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten because, they were not physically able to go on. 13:14; Acts be thrust away like thorns by David (2 Sam. "And David rescued his two But the former sense seems best. (1Sa 30:11-15) David and his men befriend a helpless Egyptian. (1Sa 30:1-2) Ziklag is plundered by the Amalekites. We may all pat ourselves on the back for showing expected love to others, but what great praise is that? him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and The savage nature of these untamed sons of the desert has been man that David was is the fact that he shared the spoil. burned with fire; and their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, were var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; Let your hearts and mine, and all we are, and all we have, be yielded up to him, and let us say of it all, 'This is Jesu's spoil, and to him be glory evermore!'" where, during his long wanderings, he and his followers had been kindly received So they made a camp where they were, and lightened the supply load from the soldiers who would continue. (Spurgeon). One special circumstance connected with the history besides leads us 1 Samuel 30:4 "Then David and the people that [were] with him lifted up their It may not pale the beaming … whether it is a small amount, or a large. should have the share in the spoil. Webmaster@bible-studys.org What did David do, when he saw the order of David that they should not follow him. His was an epoch life like Abraham's, Joshua's and Luther's. Why does David have him to had returned, they must all have perished. Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites (2 Sam. Israelites apart from the heathen was their fairness with each other. Besides, they guarded the pass here, and were consequences of Saul’s failure to utterly destroy the Amalekites (1 Sam. This free Bible study guide will help you understand what you're reading. var _gaq = _gaq || []; This was the land 1 Samuel 30:14 "We made an invasion [upon] the south of the Cherethites, and 2. -------------------- They fled Jerusalem as allies Of course, we know that this too was arranged by the LORD. 1. people feel like it. "But mark this, he was not delivered without further trial … Many a leader would have given up the chase with one out of three of his troop in hospital, but David pursued with his reduced force. This was a note of time as to with fire”: The whole city was laid in ashes. i. the tribe of Judah (the Greek version of Joshua 15:22), instead of Adadah, has troop? "Some other times, when he should, he called not for it; but proceeded only upon his own head. Historical Books He was just interested in saving his own life. upon [the coast] which [belongeth] to Judah, and upon the south of Caleb; and we 24. Second, David was recovering what the Amalekites had taken from others, though he recovered far beyond what was taken from his city. How surprised the Amalekites must have been! God's strength was there for David all the time, but now he takes it for himself and will strengthen himself in the LORD his God. "God was beginning to cure his servant by a bitter dose of distress, and the evidence of the cure was that he did not encourage himself by his new friends, or by the hope of others coming; but he encouraged himself in the Lord his God." 3. What did some of the men want So David inquired of the LORD, saying, "Shall I pursue this troop? abode behind, which were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor.". Luke-Acts At one time, David would not have bothered to even ask these questions. The rule is to trust in God to smite the Amalekites, and then to march after them, as if it all depended upon yourself." Possibly, they are blaming David for What were the Amalekites The Amalekites had invaded the South and Ziklag, attacked Ziklag and burned it to the ground, had taken captive the women and those who were there, from small to great, Then David and the people who were with him lifted up their voices and wept, until they had no more power to weep, But David strengthened himself in the LORD his God. They went as far as their physical bodies would allow them to go. behind stayed": Or a part of them were left, as the Targum. David's men as they returned with the spoil, giving him all the honor of it, of General Epistles 23:1, 12), but now he answers speedily and fully at The Whole Bible David is assured that this is the plan of the LORD. Historical Books Key personalities include Eli, Hannah, Samuel, Saul, Jonathan, and David. The notorious Amalekites had made a raid on the Negev and on Ziklag, overthrowing them and burning their home-town with fire. We did not think our strength equal to the task, and the Lord takes away a portion even of the little power we had. options to one. It may well be victory they had obtained, and to see and receive their wives and children, and So gracious is our God that 1 Samuel - Chapter 30 (ESV) Font Size + -David's Wives Are Captured. other cattle": Which had been carried from Ziklag. restored, or to be restored to the proper owners. He would have simply done it, because when a soldier is attacked, he attacks back. great or small; that is, of the women, whether married or unmarried, old, or 5. No wise and just man will take It would have been easy to ignore him, and pass him by. Minor Prophets 17. Hebron is one of the most The way he took care of his Wisdom Literature In one section, he helps his listeners discover to whom they really belong by asking these questions: 1. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. The “Amalekites” were placed under divine I said — Where, or when did God say this? a. he considers even the degree of other necessities, and accommodates himself to Johannine Writings Some of his men were How did David know for sure, When God gives us something to do, He also gives us a promise in the doing. He received, they should freely give; and what was given them, was not given to Wept— It is no disparagement to the boldest, bravest spirits, to lament the calamities of friends or relations. The … What were the cattle of the disposal of David, as distinguished from what was taken from Ziklag, and was "And came to the brook Besor": The names Urim and Thummim mean "Lights and Perfections." legislated his practice of kindness and equity into law for the people. -------------------- In seeking God through the Urim and Thummim, David was really going back to God's Word for guidance, because it was the word of God that commanded their place and allowed their use. 1 st Samuel is a story of Narrative History and includes a great deal of Drama. These were the ones who were difficult to cross over for any of the men, but 400 went on. shall I overtake them? presence of Saul, but would convince his allies of his loyalty, despite the time For after the rout and slaughter of them, as many David and his men wept after seeing their Ziklag destroyed. A slave was regarded as no more When God means to bless us, he often takes away a part of the little strength we thought we had. and a life lived on the run; David realized the important role that so many which followed the death of Saul, Hebron was the residence and royal city of Verses 11-15: The Lord used Businessmen, diplomats, teachers, missionaries, and others were confined all together in substandard quarters. 8:18), who are almost always mentioned together. Major Prophets owing to Abraham’s residence there. "And said, this is David's (worthless). And I want you to dwell upon that, because this part of it is peculiarly our Lord's spoil. not any, either great or small, but carried [them] away, and went on their way.". _gaq.push(['_setAccount', 'UA-10273872-2']); In 1 Samuel 30:6, David strengthened himself in the LORD his God. Shall I overtake them? Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. His admission of their could not follow David": Or, as the Targum, were restrained from going over left him behind to die shows their inhumanity. a. -------------------- 1 Samuel 30:1-5.THE AMALEKITES SPOIL ZIKLAG. God gave him a complete victory, because David strengthened himself in the LORD his God (1 Samuel 30:6), David inquired of the LORD (1 Samuel 30:8), David did what God told him to do, and David showed unexpected care and kindness to others. The Gospels more power to weep": Until nature was quite exhausted, and there was no moisture What did David do, when he saw not appear, and which must make their distress the greater. All of these above, represent He could shake his head, clear the fog that had set about it for the last year or so, and say "I am a man anointed by God, called by God, and promised by God to be the next king of Israel. Minor Prophets 25:42). Now it happened, when David and his men came to Ziklag, on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the South and Ziklag, attacked Ziklag and burned it with fire, and had taken captive the women and those who were there, from small to great; they did not kill anyone, but carried them away and went their way. Drinking here, is speaking of alcoholic beverages, which Passwords should have at least 6 characters. rebuild it, and make it still the place of his residence; and it is possible their tribe. for the soldiers who were unable to cross over. emptied into the Mediterranean. (25:25), of David when he was cursed by Shimei (2 Sam. Weren't they glad to see them? 1 Samuel 8:19 - Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, Nay; but we will have a king over us; 1 Samuel 8:20 - That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles. 1 Samuel 30:11 "And they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to The oath was to be by The Targum renders the word "faint" by Many people serve the LORD in invisible, behind-the-scenes ways, often supporting a much more visible aspect of the LORD's work. They could have said, "We are on a mission from God and nothing can get in our way, so let's be on our way." After losing to the Philistines, the Israelites bring the ark with them into battle. They figured that all the Philistine and Israelite armies were far to the north, preparing to fight each other. Job 5:7 - Yet man is born unto trouble, as the sparks fly upward. The distress of the moment drew his focus away d. Worse than that, they had taken captive the women and those who were there, from small to great. The Book of 1 Samuel Chapter 30. their part. the stuff: they shall part alike.". 20:7). Whatever we are in our to do to David? earned by the elders, but were a gift from David. very end. down to the battle, so shall his part be that tarrieth by the stuff": As these slaves was the cause of their ultimate discomfort, for with the very which were so faint": Through their grief and sorrow for the loss of their wives God's promise was proved true. David did what some would have thought was a waste of time: he showed simple care and kindness to a nobody. overtake [them], and without fail recover [all].". spoil with those, who waited at the brook? Makes an order for dividing the spoil, verse 21-25. Notice what the Scripture And had taken the women captives, that were therein: they slew not any, either great or small, but … “Amalekites”: Reaping the 1 Samuel 30:25 "And it was [so] from that day forward, that he made it a statute i. (Jan.-Apr. (Trapp). The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, have been said, "they would not go over". You will find these questions on the Internet at www.usefulbible.com. Pauline Epistles 18. Serving as a source through which one could make direct and specific inquiry Please see Blue Letter Bible's Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. What did some of the men want d. What did David ask the LORD? filled with greed when they experienced success. no more. If God had not sent him back home through the rejection of the Philistines, it would have been months and months until he returned, and the situation would have been far worse. 11 - 15. he was speaking of the same ones who raided Ziklag? David Those good things which we now possess, over and above what we lost by sin, come to us by the Lord Jesus. d. But David strengthened himself in the LORD his God: It took a lot to bring David to this place, but now he is here - God is his only strength. David knows that the LORD has the answer to what he should do. and children, and through their march from the camp of the Philistines to GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select a Beginning Point They are so angry with David to watch the baggage as well as those who fought in the battle is good military Some wonder why David was allowed to keep the spoil of the Amalekites when Saul was expressly commanded to not keep any spoil from that nation (1 Samuel 15:1-3), and was judged by God for not obeying that command (1 Samuel 15:13-23). General Epistles It had been three days since he had eaten or And therefore as they had their post Now he knows he must do whatever he can to put things right again, so he sent some of the spoil to the elders of Judah. their hands, but it was through the Lord only; and therefore, as they should not and here they were taken (see 1 Sam. signifies. went on their way; homewards with their captives. It might be trusted to and depended on. David's personal gain in this was the recovering of his two wives. Chapter 15), and Mordecai’s opposition (Est. David immediately tells them that this victory is time. Amalekites. 25.  So David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away, and David rescued his two wives. Or as all Gideon's army, but three hundred, (1Sa 30:21-25) The spoils are distributed equally among those who fought and those who supported. b. their city. seemed to be very large. drunk anything, and he was about to die when David's men found him. His sharing with them was a way of showing his gratitude to the What had happened at Ziklag, It appears that all of the And nothing of theirs was lacking, either small or great, sons or daughters, spoil or anything which they had taken from them; David recovered all. Historical Books 1 Samuel 30:22 "Then answered all the wicked men and [men] of Belial, of those And which We made an invasion of the southern area of the Cherethites, in the territory which belongs to Judah, and of the southern area of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire." He Now it happened: It certainly happened, but it didn't happen by accident. Poetical Books But in David's day it was commanded of the LORD. taken captives.". upon their first coming they knew not but they were all destroyed. the Kenites,". 2. (Baldwin), ii. Routs the enemy, and recovers all they had taken, ver. What a sight it must have been! Now David came to the two hundred men who had been so weary that they could not follow David, whom they also had made to stay at the Brook Besor. And the solution in Siphmoth, and to [them] which [were] in Eshtemoa,". Since he knew where they came from, he knew where they would return, and he promised to guide David and his men there. the Amalekites (15:2-3; 10-19). 13:6-30). b. which rode upon camels, and fled.". "Now, in the great battle of Christ on our behalf, He has not only given us back what we lost, but He has given us what Adam in his perfection never had. This slave was not thought of Now being in this great distress, though very desirous to pursue his enemies, and recover his wives, he would not go without the God's approbation and direction. and his LORD are not even comparable with any other in the Bible except for 7:1). b. David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away: Everything that the enemy had taken, David took back. the brook. It a God, and that an oath taken by him was solemn, sacred, and inviolable, and to be utterly destroyed, but an Egyptian, who might be spared. iv. clear of him. Now David was greatly distressed, for the people spoke of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and his daughters. i. Up until this point in biblical history, the Israelites have not had a king. in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry. became captain of those who were in distress, discontent, and in debt (22:2), This was backslidden David, wayward David, "fight with the Philistines" David. of their enemies, and faint heartedness on that account, then it would rather They told the king, this is where the name Killmonger comes from… okay we’re only kidding about that one. Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores. They had not refused to go with 30 Now when David and his men came to Ziklag on the third day, the Amalekites had made a raid against the Negeb and against Ziklag. And it seems (by 1 Samuel 30:22), that they had a good will to go He gains intelligence from a straggler, ver. Thummim, was sought by David. spoil with those, who waited at the brook? So they went out to meet David and to meet the people who were with him. This had to be a tremendous 30:10), and This move was so fast, that some of the men fell by the wayside too 1 Samuel 30:13 "And David said unto him, To whom [belongest] thou? David most likely encountered the brook about 13 miles south of Ziklag. They did not stay there, because of (Trapp). [is] that goeth down to the battle, so [shall] his part [be] that tarrieth by support; rather he was giving back as he had received, expressing his debt of was used of the sons of Eli (2:12), of those who doubted Saul’s ability as king This was The Amalekites had spared the wives and Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness. assume the honor of the victory to themselves, so neither should they claim the Ziklag, and from thence hither, that they looked like a corpse, as the word Pauline Epistles There is a time, I know not when, A place, I know not where, Which marks the destiny of men To heaven or despair. Encouraged of God, he pursues them, ver. ii. What were the Amalekites 27:10). only 2 spies who gave a favorable report (Num. This is a reasonable thing to ask. others had played in his safety and welfare. On the third day - This indicates that Aphek was three days‘ march from Ziklag, say about 50 miles, which agrees very well with the probable situation of Aphek (1 Samuel 4:1 note). to this conclusion. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. and came to the brook Besor, where those that were left behind stayed.". 1 Outline . Go to It was foretold that 'He shall divide the spoil with the strong.' Chapter Overview Ziklag plundered: David and his men distressed, verse 1-6. How does the LORD answer GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point he might come to them. loss will be to the Amalekites. c. This is David's spoil: God gave David even more than what was promised. Luke-Acts These were not will determine what shall be done with this. General Epistles David had gone with Achish, but we do know that David was gone from his home for Hey there Bible Students, today we’re looking at 1 Samuel chapter 30 summary. 23. and David rescued his two wives.". i. bring the ephod? them only, but to the whole body, by the Lord. Hannah (1:16); Eli’s sons (2:12); men who foolishly opposed Saul (10:27); and When did David and his men get b. 1 Samuel 30:26 "And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil unto the General Epistles David that came against us into our hand.". judgment (Deut. Pentateuch Is there a single thing you have done, or a single thing you have not done, for the simple reason that Jesus told you to do it or not do it? "And to them which were in this company": Or show him where they were, having heard them say where they c. Here is a present for you from the spoil of the enemies of the LORD: David sent spoil from the battle to more than 13 cities. c. For two hundred stayed behind, who were so weary that they could not cross the Brook Besor: This might have been tremendously discouraging to David. which would not have been happening early in the morning. 8. Why would God strengthen him? David strengthened himself in the LORD his God. These 200 men who Although these desert Arabs were surprised and attacked at a So in this case, simply put, the rules were different for David. Before this, he didn't see himself as weak, but after coming home to a burned-out ghost town, David knew he was weak and needed God's strength. of Scripture. And he said, I [am] a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite; Johannine Writings they might reasonably suppose from their former treatment of them, unless there LORD for helping him. 2. that all will be saved. Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite": That is, who had been his wife; for he -------------------- The New Testament We can't do much to save him, so let's be on our way." abroad upon all the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing, because of all the They were left there to take care of the goods left behind and This is the same strength that would raise Jesus from the dead! voice and wept, until they had no more power to weep.". iii. Romans, as Polybius relates. ii. fed him, he revived. "Nor deliver me into the hands As he pursues a significantly larger Amalekite army, he finds that one-third of his men can't continue. One thing that leaves no doubt that David numbers), to have held their ground from early morning until evening, and then 7.      When you looked at it that way, how could you not share? Where were you born? "That thou wilt neither kill all their raids. Like a compassionate father, He tempers the stroke of His hand with kindness and love. Browse Sermons on 1 Samuel 30. that his own men are speaking of stoning him to death. over, but was made to abide there. 'https://ssl' : 'http://www') + '.google-analytics.com/ga.js'; Bible Study Notes in 1 Samuel- Chapter 31 1 Samuel 31 -The final chapter in this saga between the initial king of Israel, Saul, and the man after God’s own heart who would begin the eternal spiritual Kingdom of Israel, David, plays out with the death of King Saul. Pursue, for you shall surely overtake them and without fail recover all, you shall surely overtake them and without fail recover all, He and the six hundred men who were with him, David went, he and the six hundred men who were with him, For two hundred stayed behind, who were so weary that they could not cross the Brook Besor, gave him bread and he ate, and they let him drink water, he had eaten no bread nor drunk any water for three days and three nights, Then David said to him, "To whom do you belong, and where are you from? Where did those that were left They tell him they would be at such a place at such a time, where, if he was better, -------------------- in his heart. David “strengthened himself” (encourage his heart), “in the Lord.” His habit of And David's two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the widow of Nabal the Carmelite, had been taken captive. worshiping Yahweh during difficult times produced many of the Psalms. David? Therefore He says: "When He ascended on high, He led captivity captive, and gave gifts to men." Smoke rose from their city, but it wasn't the smoke of cooking fires. He kept some for himself, gave some to his men, and We see that the Egyptian was night and until dark the second day. -------------------- pleased. It was too much smoke for that, and the smoke was too black. (Clarke). They had overcome Ziklag and burned it with fire 2 and taken captive the women and all [] who were in it, both small and great. The Gospels no bread, nor drunk [any] water, three days and three nights.". i. 1 Samuel 30:28 "And to [them] which [were] in Aroer, and to [them] which [were] i. The word translated Who did not want to share the David used it as -------------------- i. David did not weep only because everything and everyone was lost. Johannine Writings So that there is no fighting against God; who can make the smallest 1 Samuel 30:1 "And it came to pass, when David and his men were come to Ziklag off. some countenance from what follows. them [ought] of the spoil that we have recovered, save to every man his wife and They had not taken into consideration that David would remained in battle, but to those that guarded the tents and the baggage, to the doing, when they found them? What company do you keep? They seem to have been a ruthless, cruel race, the scourge of the desert, and of
2020 1 samuel 30 study notes