The black gum should be planted where there will be full sun to partial shade. Sometimes, however, the tree can grow perfect flowers, making this ultimately a polygamodioecious species. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. The magnificent fall color is enhanced by siting trees in locations with more direct sunlight. In the South the Black Gum trees, Nyssa sylvatica, are known as, 'Tupelo trees' or 'Black Tupelo Trees' and grow into enormous towering tree specimens in wet or damp areas, where they are fast growing and abundantly produce a fruit that is highly prized by birds. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. I think I am getting black gum in my sweet gum … Because of its twisted grain, black gum cannot be split so it has been somewhat spared by lumbermen. You may need to stake up small, young trees if you live in a very windy area. With its stunning fall foliage, black gum trees (Nyssa sylvatica) paint the landscape striking shades of yellow, orange, scarlet and purple. Fruit the size of navy beans ripen to a dark blue in fall and are a favorite food to many birds. A terrific ornamental shade tree and a standout in the fall, Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum) is a small, slow-growing, stately, deciduous tree with a dense, pyramidal habit. 1. A native to the eastern United States the Black Tupelo, also known as Black Gum, grows 30 to 50 ft. tall. The flowers of black gum are light green in color and form into pendulous clusters in the spring. It is often found on moist ground along rivers and streams. Black gum is one of the best honey-producing trees in the world. You will need to watch the tree over time to see how extensive the damage becomes. For best results, you may want to start one from seed in the desired site or choose a young sapling where the taproot will be shorter. Young trees are pyramidal; older trees more oval. Pruning of lower branches is common as they droop when tree is 10 + years of age. Grafting is used to preserve the characteristics of named cultivars. The general rule is two cups of slow-release granular fertilizer for every inch of diameter of the trunk measured four feet above the soil surface. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. Most woodland critters enjoy munching on these mouth-watering treats as … Britton, N.L., and A. Types of Black Gum Tree Blackgum; Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) Although not considered a ‘bread & butter’ shade tree in the nursery industry, black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is well worth the hunt. Take out the affected branch to help curb the spread of the fungus. Planting & Care. You might be used to the fiery autumnal colors that Black Gums are famous for, but the Wildfire Black Gum Tree doesn't just bring those colors to the fall. Sprinkle the fertilizer on the soil under the tree to 1 1/2 times the distance from the trunk to the drip line (tips of the branches). When the black gum is young, it is usually formed into a pyramidal shape. Black gum is an excellent choice to add autumn color to your garden. For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or Native from Ontario, and spreading south to Texas and Florida, this underutilized tree is a ‘hot plant’ for Arkansas. While it's mostly cosmetic, it can make the tree more attractive to other pests and diseases. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Soil / Climate: Zones 3-9 Black Gum can grow on a variety of soil types but prefers moist, well-drained, acidic deep soils and full sun. It is thought of as one of the five best shade trees … Nyssa sylvatica prefers moist soil and can grow in standing water. Black gum has several features that make it an excellent landscape tree. Fungi invade and, over time, cause the wood to rot and decay. Black gum does not usually require much pruning to maintain the tree beyond the standard care of removing parts that have become dead, damaged, or diseased. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. Sonya Harris is a Master Gardener, former special education teacher, and founder of the award-winning Bullock Children's Garden in Glassboro, New Jersey, with experience in small-space gardening, low-income gardening, and growing foods and plants in poor soil conditions. At the dawn of spring, when the world lights up in green, the Wildfire Black Gum stands out with deep ruby red … Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Shop 3.25-gallon blackgum shade tree in pot (lw01684) in the trees section of The black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is a deciduous tree that is originally from the United States. Once the flowers are pollinated, they form into black stone fruits (drupes) that mature in early fall. Black Gum Tree has strikingly brilliant red to deep purple foliage in the fall. Bark is dark gray to almost black, alligator-like patterns when old. The Blackgum tree, Nyssa sylvatica, is also known as the Black Tupelo or Sourgum. 3 vols. Host for the black and white Hebrew Moth. While cedar, cypress, oak, and pine fell before the ax and were split for fence rails, shingles, clapboards, and other essentials, the black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) was shunned.Not that black gum, or black tupelo as it is sometimes called, didn't yield good wood. Throughout the swamps of the South grows a good-sized tree that even the pioneers who made extensive use of wood, left alone. (Apparently “Sour Gum” brand cookies doesn’t have the same marketing appeal.) Being native to the eastern United States, this tree adapts to extreme climates, tolerates wet conditions, and is drought-resistant. Deep rooted, so difficult to transplant when mature. Black tupelo, also called gum tree, is one of the most beautiful native trees of North America. An Equal Opportunity University. And the Green Gable loves moisture, but prefers well-drained soil. Typically, many slender, horizontally spreading branches grow from a straight trunk and provide this elegant, broadly conical habit. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Get your own Black Gum Tree today! How to Plant Black Gum. In summer they are shiny dark green above and downy below. Heart rot occurs after a tree has had open wounds occur in the trunk. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. Usually, the Black Gum Tree will be one of the first to show color change in early Fall and the red leaves of the Black Gum are thin and translucent in autumn, giving the tree a beautiful glow in the sunlight.The leaves of the Black Gum Tree turn red or purple in fall, followed by small black berries, which wildlife animals love to eat, and the tree can grow huge in the wettest of soils but does not grow quite as tall … The Arbor Day Society calls this tree one of the ten best trees for fall color. Small, greenish-white flowers appear in April – May during leaf set, and while no… Because black gum is difficult to propagate vegetatively, few selections have been made. The Details. Over the years it can be oval, irregular, or horizontal in shape. As sweet as Tupelo honey, the black gum is one of our most attractive native trees. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Brown. Also known as Black Tupelo, this tree offers a dense buffet of small black berries that are irresistible to songbirds and game birds alike. Blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica) falls into the category of deciduous trees and can be found in North America. It is a deciduous hardwood tree, most commonly known for its early display of beautiful yellow, red and purple colored leaves in the fall. The fall display includes foliage in shades of orange, red, purple, and yellow. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. Q: I need to know what the difference is between black gum compared to sweet gum, and how do I identify black gum. Nyssa sylvatica needs soil that is acidic and that allows water to drain away from the roots. Planting: The Green Gable will need a lot of sunshine to develop a solid root system, so find a place in your yard that gets plenty of sun. I Am the Largest! Dwarf Apple. and Eucalyptus spp. Cankers can result when fungi start growing on a dead branch. Because provenance has an effect on fall color display, it is recommended a colorful seedling tree from a local source be chosen. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. The roots of a black gum tree should to be kept wet, but the tree appreciates a deeper more prolonged watering regiment than other shade trees and it can tolerate soil that gets well soaked, but doesn't stay wet. Black gum is vulnerable to specific pests and a few common diseases: Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. From southern Maine to southern Michigan to Florida. It has the classic brilliant red fall color we know and love, but its habit is a huge departure from regular Nyssas, with an upright pyramidal shape and extremely uniform branching. Blackgum, also called black tupelo, tupelo gum, or just tupelo, is a tree that loves to grow in water and water-soaked soils. The black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is a deciduous tree that is originally from the United States. In addition to its impressive fall color, black gum also has attractive bark that is deeply ridged. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Nyssa sylvatica has dark green leaves that are ovate, obovate, or elliptical and measure 3 to 6 inches long. Blackgum trees are considered one of our most beautiful native trees. Site design : Academic Web Pages. The Black Gum shade trees are cold hardy from Canada to Florida. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. The names used for this tree are black gum, sourgum, yellow gum, black tupelo, cotton gum, tupelo-gum, pepperidge, swamp tupelo, swamp black gum, sour gum or tupelo. WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. Maryland Distribution: A canopy tree commonly found in forests of wet to average moisture. Another common tree that is called a "gum" is sweetgum and is actually an entirely different tree species classification called Liquidambar. Reproduction is performed through seed germination and the use of cuttings. Leaves are alternate, simple, oval-elliptical, and lack teeth. For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or Black Gum hardwood tree grows to a reason al by medium height of 70-80 feet tall. The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. The resilient wood is good for making tool handles. Black gum, which happens to be the species of the oldest recorded tree in NH, is one of my favorite native species that I feel should be planted more often in the urban landscape. Park Hill, OK-- Fire Master™ Black Gum is an easy care native shade tree introduced by Garden Debut® in late 2010 with exceptional coloration.In the wild, Black Gum (also known as Tupelo) grows across the entire eastern half of North America but at low densities of 1-3% in native forests. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Black Tupelo or Nyssa sylvatica is the most common true gum in North America and grows from Canada to Texas. The largest recorded black tupelo tree is 144 feet tall and has a crown spread of 95 feet. Separate male and female trees. It is favored for its brilliant fall foliage and its winter form, which displays attractively dropping branches over time. It also may struggle if planted in the fall. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. The alternately arranged, 3-inch long, dark green, glossy leaves and attractive fall color are perhaps the most distinctive features. Birds will eat the fruits, but they are not desirable for human consumption. Black gum is a tall tree with horizontal branches and a flat-topped crown. 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, Growing American Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua). Zones 4-9. In fact, the genus Nyssa is the name of a water nymph. The national champion black gum (67 feet) is in New Jersey. Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. Glossy dark green summer leaves turn shades of red, scarlet, orange, yellow and purple—often all on the same branch! The small blue berries can be a nuisance as they attract birds. The national champion black gum (67 feet) is in New Jersey. Raised leaf spots appear on the leaves and begin to discolor and drop off. The mature height of the black gum can be 30 to 75 feet tall and 20 to 35 feet wide, depending on the growing location and climate. It has a taproot, making it difficult to transplant and fire resistant. Black gum is susceptible to leaf spots caused by a fungus. Send mail to with questions about this site. Black Gum - Black Tupelo. This tree is not related to gum trees, which belong to Angophora spp., Corymbia spp. Tupelo has many aliases, including “Black Gum,” “Sour Gum,” and “Pepperidge.” If th at last one sounds familiar, it’s probably because tha t’s the tree you see on packages of “ Pepperidge ” Farm® cookies! This site was last updated on November 30, 2020. As the species name hispida indicates, this tree has red bristles on the stems and new … Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Black gum trees generally are deciduous, so you would need both a male and a female for fruit production. Black gum is an excellent choice to add autumn color to your garden. Check out some interesting facts about this tree that’s known for its colorful foliage. Black gum trees are relatively slow growing but will respond well to applications of fertilizer in the fall. The bark is often said to resemble alligator skin. 1913. Nyssa sylvatica Tree Dogwood Family. It is favored for its brilliant fall foliage and its winter form, which displays attractively dropping branches over time. The black gum tree, also referred to as the black tupelo or sour gum, is slow growing and has a pleasing rounded form when it is lush with foliage in the spring as well as when its branches are bare in the winter. For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or, Black Gum - Nyssa sylvaticaTupelo Family (Nyssaceae). Since the black gum has a long taproot, it can have difficulties after it is transplanted. Green Gable™ ('NSUHH') Black Gum or Tupelo is a really amazing selection of this native tree.
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