The minimum tank size for a common pleco is 100 gallons – yes, that’s the minimum size.But if you have a tank large enough for a common pleco, then these fish make great tank mates for convict cichlids. Kullander and C.J. Originally, it was thought that they were native to Panama, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua, as well, but that belief has been dispelled. That's one of the cichlid species that has been cross bred with different varieties of cichlids in order to achieve this characteristic. If a convict cichlid is placed with any species of non-aggressive fish, they will bully them relentlessly and may even kill them. Lifespan : 8 - 10 years, maybe slightly longer. The cichlid family is one of the largest groups of fish on the planet with over 650 species found throughout the world. They can also be found i… Origin / Habitat : Guatemala, Central America Size is about 1.5-2 inches. It’s worth noting that makes tend to be larger than females, but you won’t be able to identify their gender until they’re adults. Factors affecting mate desertion by males in free-ranging convict cichlids (. Tank Region : Bottom to middle areas of the tank. The convict cichlids are colorfully striped. [42][43] Both parents are able to carry out all of the parental care tasks to a certain extent. [20] Its relatively small size, along with ease of keeping and breeding, make the convict an ideal cichlid for beginners and advanced aquarists alike interested in observing pair bonds and brood care.[20]. Temperature : 70°F - 80°F (21°C - 27°C) Water Hardness : 10° to 15° dH. Dwarf cichlids - Any cichlid fish which does not exceed 14 cm in size in their adult state in aquariums are called dwarf cichlids. All they need are stable water parameters and a cave or flower pot for securing the eggs. Scientific Name : Amatitlania nigrofasciata, Common Names : Convict, Zebra Cichlid, Albino Convict, Lifespan : 8 - 10 years, maybe slightly longer, Origin / Habitat : Guatemala, Central America. [15] Most experts agree that a pair of convicts should be kept in a 20-gallon aquarium or larger. For this reason the tank you place them in should be at least 30 gallons for a pair of Convicts. [37], Convict cichlids are serially monogamous, so pair bonds may form first before they establish a territory together, or the male and female may each obtain a territory before pairing with each other. The Pink Convict is an omnivore and should be fed a variety of foods, such as frozen or freeze-dried brine shrimp, bloodworms, blackworms, krill, flake food, and Cichlid pellets. Body size is from 8 cm (3 in) to 12 centimeters (4.7 in). Also carrying the name of the Zebra Cichlid. No matter the name this sturdy fish is easy to care for making it the ideal fish … Black Convict Cichlid – A Complete Guide (Care, Diet, Facts) Read More » This is common in cichlid fish, and studies have shown coordination between the female and male. Common Names : Convict, Zebra Cichlid, Albino Convict. The female species are about 5 cm long, while the males measure up to 6.5 cm. Convict Cichlid. [13], The wild-type of the species has 8 or 9 black vertical bars on a blue-grey body, along with a dark blotch on the operculum. The advantage of this is it means you can keep them in smaller tanks than other species as well. It could be that your cichlid is comfortable in it's surroundings and doesn't feel threatened. Hi Dave - you don't mention the aquarium size in your post. The convict cichlid (Amatitlania nigrofasciata) is a fish species from the family Cichlidae, native to Central America,[1] also known as the zebra cichlid. The male fish has larger dorsal and anal fins with bright coloration than the female breed. Convict Cichlid - NEW FISH FACTS & TIPS in 2020 - Everything You Need To Know - water, ph, size, breeding, gender, varieties, tank mates, diet, colors, sexing Appearance Their … When both mates are present with no intruder, both parents may stay with the offspring by resembling single parents because each parent is addressing only the offspring and not its mate, or one parent may be concentrated on activities associated with the offspring while the other parent concentrates on patrolling and defending the area. Such fish include T-Bar cichlids, Honduran red points, Green Terrors, Jewel cichlids, Salvini, Jack Dempsey, (Keep in mind as Dempseys outgrow the convicts territorial issues will become a problem.) Beware of conspecific aggression in this Convict Cichlid tank size? But if your tank mates have established any type of dominance they will however breed and live together. Savings will automatically reflect in shopping cart with the purchase of qualifying merchandise. Size/Length: Males to 6" (15 cm), females to 5" (12 cm) Similar species: C. spilurum Habitat: The Convict Cichlid comes from a number of varied biotopes. With the scientific name of Archocentrus Nigrofasciatus. [3], Albert Günther originally described the species in 1867 after Frederick DuCane Godman and Osbert Salvin collected specimens in Central America. As the young offspring grow and become free-swimming fry, the parental activities are distributed more equally between the parents, which appears to be typical behavior in other types of cichlids as well. p. 605-654. Jual Ikan Hias Predator Cichlid Convict Small Size dengan harga Rp16.500 dari toko online Sindrazz Predator Fish, Kota Depok. Great for beginner fish keepers. Please note whether you want a black convict or pink convict. Thus, it can be concluded that the brood adoption and rejection rely more heavily on the protection of the biological offspring from differential predator instead of from larger adopted cichlids. If the males are not viewed together at the same time for a comparison to be drawn by the female, the female has no particular preference. [15][16] The maximum standard length has been reported to be 10 centimeters, with total length near 12 centimeters (4.7 in). They are also referred to as the Black Striped or Black Convicts Cichlid and are a smaller species that are very aggressive. Don't put them in a community aquarium. Therefore, the conclusive finding is that the male rarely remains with the offspring when the female is absent, and the female rarely confronts the intruder when the male is absent. Its coloring intensity may vary. Convict fish are in the shape of an oval. In rare instances, Blood Parrot Cichlids can reach lengths of 10 inches. [29] The eggs hatch approximately 72 hours after fertilization. In addition to being shorter, females also have a more round/plump body. There is an Albino variety as well. But if a convict cichlid is placed with an aggressive fish, the convict will likely be harassed and may spend all its […] There are no differences between males and females until the fish reach maturity. Scientific Name: Amatitlania nigrofasciatus Pronunciation: n-gr-f s--t-s Common Name(s): Convict, Zebra Cichlid Geo. [1] Selective breeding has resulted in a leucistic strain, which lacks the dark barring of the wild type. Convict cichlid keeping is quite the same as for a classical cichlid species. Unusually for fish, the female is more highly coloured. Many cichlids can become quite aggressive with tank mates while spawning. [20], The species also occurs outside its natural range, even being found in Australia, where it can be found in the warm effluent of power stations in Victoria, and in tropical Queensland. Perfect for beginner aquarists, the Convict Cichlid is a relatively small fish that will grow up to around 6 inches in length for males, and around 4 inches in length for females. Convict Cichlid - Hump on the Head In the aquarium world, when one talks about humps, the first thing that comes to mind, is the Flower horn. Noakes, D. L. G. Ontogeny of behavior in cichlids. No matter the name this sturdy fish is easy to care for making it the ideal fish … Black Convict Cichlid – A Complete Guide (Care, Diet, Facts) Read More » The popular pseudo-albino forms are known as the Pink Convict Cichlid or White Convict Cichlid. You would most likely see more aggression if you introduced another convict of the opposite sex. In: R.E. Temperament: Semi … Gender : Males may be larger than females of the same age. Parameters like water temperature, water quality, and tank size aren’t nearly as vital to this type of fishes as they are with many other aquarium species. Breeding : Very easy to breed them and they are great parents. [42], The different ways in which this biparental sex role specialization can be influenced was studied by manipulating the presence and absence of the mate as well as the presence and absence of an intruder. The convict cichlid can reach sexual maturity as young as 16 weeks, though sexual maturity more commonly occurs at 6 months. The type species, A. nigrofasciata, which used to cover all these species, is restricted to the northern population ranging from El Salvador to Guatemala on the Pacific coast and from Honduras to Guatemala on the Atlantic coast. Make sure they have a tank of at least 20 gallons per pair, though ideally, 35+ gallons per pair is best. [44] In fact, it is observed that when one of the mates is removed, either parent is still able to raise the offspring independently by having the capacity for all the parental behaviors. [15][16] Convict cichlids are aggressively territorial during breeding and pairs are best kept alone. Convict Cichlid My boy Robert is already pushing 4" and thought to be less than 1year old. They aren’t as big as some others. It has been shown that individuals of significantly greater size relative to their opponent often win fights without much physical contact. They will protect themselves and may harm other fishes. Cichlidae (Cichlids). [5], A number of synonyms exist for this species including: Archocentrus nigrofasciatus, Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum, Cryptoheros nigrofasciatus and Heros nigrofasciatus. Convict Cichlid Size Difference Between Male and Female This fish has black and white stripes on its body. In the wild, the fish excavate caves by moving earth from underneath large stones. If you wish to keep more of these lovely fish, you will probably need to separate the couples when one couple is breeding and when the [20] Sexually mature convicts form monogamous pairs and spawn in small caves or crevices. You’ll find them in the Pacific Slope from Rio Sucio, El Salvador to Rio Suchiate. In the tank, males usually grow to about 6.5″ (17cm) long. Convict cichlids naturally live in slow-moving bodies of water, like ponds and lakes, with rocky bottoms. Also remember, if you have a breeding pair Convicts in a 40-gallon or smaller you will be most likely be unable to keep the convicts with any tank mates. Females are around 4.5″ long (11cm). There are many different species with the Cichlidae family; one of the most popular members of the family is the Black Convict Cichlid. [34] Like other cichlids, the parents retrieve their young just before dark, sucking up three or four at a time and delivering them into the nest. Inheritance of pink body colouration in. Other fast moving fish such as Giant Danios can be used as dither fish. Fishlore specified Convicts only grow up to 4" Max. [25][26], In natural habitats, the species has a diet composed of various prey, including crustaceans, small fish, insects, worms, plants and algae. [7][8] Some of these regional variants are now considered different species. Although Convicts are generally considered small cichlids only reaching a maximum average of 5.5" in length, they are known to have a very aggressive behavior. [39], Convict cichlids are a biparental species, so the parents will usually cooperate by carrying out tasks specific to their individual parental roles when raising their offspring. Generally, even aggressive cichlids can coexist with loaches, catfish, shark species, plecos, and larger tetra species. These cichlids should eat nearly everything offered including flakes, frozen and live fish foods. [15][16] Due to the species' tendency to dig, external filtration is superior to undergravel filter systems. Average Size. Cari produk Hiasan Aquarium lainnya di … Ferraris, Jr. However, when both mates are present and an intruder is introduced, the male spends more time chasing intruders while the female remains with the offspring more. The convict cichlid can reach sexual maturity as young as 16 weeks, though sexual maturity more commonly occurs at 6 months. Keeping a pair of them in a community tank is just asking for trouble. Convict Cichlid are very easy to breed type of fish. By minimum, we mean that you should only put them in such tank if you absolutely have to. The female cichlid always chooses the larger of the two males if the smaller male is next to the larger male, and if the larger male defeats the smaller male in a fight. Trust, you’ll be quite amazed by the sight of hundreds of little convicts swimming in … Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. [40], The female's preference for the male mate has also been examined, in accordance to the male's size and fighting ability. Aquarium size for Convict Cichlids: If you are keeping a pair of Convict Cichlids 25 to 30 gallon would suffice, in case its a community of Convict Cichlids 50 to 60 gallon aquarium is needed, in case you want them in a South American Cichlid community aquarium … Provide a clay or plastic type of cave (flower pot) and they should pair up assuming you have a male and female. "This distinctively marked fish protects its young from much larger tank mates proving that size isn't everything!" [42] The female tends to remain with the brood and perform activities involving the brood fanning the eggs, whereas the male tends to patrol the area to chase intruders and defend from predators. In the wild, the fish excavate caves by moving earth from underneath large stones. Photo Credit : Photos copyright JJPhoto.dk, © FishLore.com - providing tropical fish tank and aquarium information for freshwater fish and saltwater fish keepers.About FishLore | In particular the species thrives on the western coast of Honduras.Convicts are considered one of the easier varieties of Cichlids to keep due to their size; males grow to around 2.5 inches and females around 2 inches. The common pleco, a notable tank buster, is not a fish that the average person can keep. In addition, older males frequently develop vestigial fatty lumps on their foreheads. Convict Cichlids have a tendency towards unusually aggressive and spunky behaviors for a fish their size. The great part about breeding them is watching the parental care given to the fry. Mills D, Vevers G (1989) The Tetra encyclopedia of freshwater tropical aquarium fishes. Breeding convict cichlids is as easy as setting up a simple aquarium and successfully getting a breeding pair. Reproductive behavior of free-ranging convict cichlids, "The convict cichlid Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Cichlidae): first record of this non-native species in Western Australian waterbodies | Western Australian Museum", "First record of Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Günther, 1867) (Cichliformes: Cichlidae) as introduced species in natural freshwaters of Colombia". They are known to attack without reason and without provocation (encroachment of territory etc.). World fishes important to North Americans exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Approximate Purchase Size: 1-1/2" to [18], Convict cichlids are native to the lakes and streams of Central America. However, the standard length has been reported to be 4.7 inches with a body weight of about 1.2. The male is mostly gray with light black stripes along the body. They fan the eggs both day and night; at night they use their sense of smell to recognize the presence of the eggs in the dark, and they keep their pelvic fins in contact with the eggs to remain at the right distance for fanning. [1] Juvenile convict cichlids are monomorphic until they reach sexual maturity. [15] These are known commonly as white convicts, pink convicts, gold convicts, and A. nigrofasciata "Kongo". Fish Disease : Freshwater Fish Disease - Diagnose, Symptoms and Treatment. Females adhere eggs to the walls of the cave. [38] Because the convict cichlids are also substrate-brooding, this territory will include a breeding site for the deposition of eggs. [22] In addition to Australia, the species has been introduced to Réunion, Japan,[1] Mexico,[12] Colombia,[23] Taiwan,[24] and the USA. Convict Cichlid Stats Minimum Tank Size: 20 Gallons (29 Gallons recommended) Care Level: Easy Water Conditions: PH 6-8 and Soft to Neutral Temperature: 68-80 F (20-27 C) Maximum Size: 6 inches (15.2 cm) for Earley, R. L., L. S. Blumer, and M. S. Grober. The Black Convict Cichlid is omnivorous and will eat most prepared and frozen foods, including freeze-dried bloodworms, tubifex, and ocean plankton, as well as flake food and Cichlid pellets. [27] Inferior social status and associated stress can affect digestive function in convict cichlids.[28]. They are a very hardy fish breed which can adapt to most water conditions, and are very easy to Convict Cichlid Tropical Fish Learn all about the Convict Cichlid's feeding habits and food types, its behaviour, its origins, its natural habitats, is it male or female, breeding advice and information, suitable tank mates, its sizing and growth range, minimum tank size, water PH and more. Another reason that has been considered is that foreign young that are larger than the biological offspring may be a direct predatory threat to them. The Convict Cichlid is a popular choice of fish from the cichlid family. The female Convict Cichlid are brighter in colour, and they develop yellow or red spots on their belly as soon as they become sexually mature. Size : Up to 4 inches (10 cm) pH : 7 - 8. However, it has been shown that as the biological offspring develop and become stronger swimmers, the parents are less active about rejecting larger foreign young, but when they do reject, often foreign young are rejected before they are large enough to be perceived as a direct threat to the biological offspring. Territorial males have larger GnRH+ cells than non [46] Convict cichlids usually demonstrate their aggressive behavior by biting and chasing, which entails bursts of high speed targeted at the intruder, and also show their aggression via their body size. Convict cichlids will naturally breed very easily. Convict Cichlid for sale at AquariumFish.net ... Aquarium Size: Black Convicts will eventually need to live in an aquarium with at least 50-gallons of water. Please note whether you want a black convict or pink convict. Average Size The average Blood Parrot Cichlid size is around 8 inches in length for adult males and 6 to 7 inches in length for females. Tank Mates : If you're trying to breed them it's best to keep them as a pair in a tank by themselves. Scientific Name: Amatitlania nigrofasciata Common Name: Marble Convict Cichlid Max Size: 5" pH: 6.0-8.0 Hardness: Hard Temperature: 70-82 Aggressiveness: Aggressive Region of Origin: Central America Captive Bred or Wild [1][16] The leucistic colouration is caused by a mutation in an autosomal gene and is recessively inherited. There was also bred a short-body (balloon cichlid). [32], After hatching, the larvae spend another 72 hours absorb their yolk sacs and developing their fins before they become free-swimming fry. Don't be surprised to see convicts harassing fish double or even triple their size! Grayish body with vertical black stripes. Convict Cichlids are rather aggressive, so having the right tank shape, size, and décor can make all the difference in helping with their activity in this way. Temperament / Behavior : Like many cichlids, the convict is no exception when it comes to defending it's territory, especially when breeding. [39], The effect of population density on sexual selection for convict cichlids has been studied. The fish can protrude its jaw 4.2% of its standard length, allowing it to have a varied diet. Pictus catfish, plecostomus, as well as other convicts. [5] Other new species formerly included in A. nigrofasciata are Amatitlania coatepeque, from Lake Coatepeque in El Salvador, and Amatitlania kanna, from Panama's Atlantic coast. Related Products. The minimum tank size we … Females do benefit by mating with a larger male, as it has been shown that larger males can raise more offspring to independence, are better at chasing predators that might attack offspring, and are better at competing for breeding sites. (eds.) The daily water temperature ranged from 26–29 °C (79–84 °F). They are known to attack without reason and without provocation (encroachment of territory etc.). Priority management actions for alien freshwater fish species in Australia. They are a very hardy fish breed which can adapt to most water conditions, and are very easy to keep and breed in aquariums. There are also several color varieties being bred. When the females reach breeding maturity, the belly of the fish will take on red hue, making sexing quite easy in mature convict cichlid fish. Convict Cichlid | Megaquarium Wiki | Fandom FANDOM Due to size and/or weight, certain items bear a shipping surcharge or special handling fee, which will still apply. (2004). Black or Pink Convict Cichlid 1-3" Live Freshwater Tropical Aquarium Fish. We can find its gender-based on body size… The convict cichlid displays significant color across its range. Telling the difference between a male and female Convict is very straight forward. The Honduran Red Point: A beautiful blue convict-type species from Honduras. They should do well with other larger cichlids but you may see some aggression from time to time. If you have a male and female, chances are you're going to get some baby convicts soon. In: Wisenden, B. D. (1994). Convict cichlid Zebra cichlid Blaukehlchen (DE) Zebrabuntbarsch (DE) Grünflossenbuntbarsch (DE) Origin Origin: central America Biotope: American Dimorphism The female is much smaller than the male. [2] Convict cichlids are popular aquarium fish[1] and have also been the subject of numerous studies on fish behaviour. Comments: These are awesome fish with great coloration and a very unusual mouth shape. The fry will respond to signals from both the male and the female. They also fan the eggs, moving water with their fins over the clutch to provide oxygenation. Pink Convicts will also accept live brine shrimp, guppies, ghost shrimp, bloodworms, mealworms, and blackworms. [14] Convict cichlids can be relatively tolerant of cool water, allowing them to colonise volcanic lakes at elevations of 1,500 meters (4,900 ft). First reports were of an occurrence in an irrigation ditch and a reservoir near Haleiwa (Oahu) in 1992. Seriously fish says length is 80-150mm which is close to 6" So what is the correct maximum size and minimum tank size? Convict Cichlid Fry (source – CC BY-SA 4.0) The hatched fry should be able to swim freely after about seven days. Breeding convicts is as simple as having a male and a female in the same tank with adequate water quality and feeding. In addition to being shorter, females also have a more round/plump body. Under these isolated conditions, a more equal sharing of parental behaviors tends to occur. Look for cichlid pellets which can give them all the vitamins and minerals they need. This indicates that there are some other costs with breeding in an environment with high population density, an example being energy loss because of the resulting increased aggression when guarding territory. Above: In this picture a young premium quality Polar Blue Parrot Cichlid is swimming in one of our aquariums, when one of us snapped this picture . Like most cichlids, such as Oreochromis mossambicus, convicts brood (exhibit parental care of) both eggs and free-swimming fry. Convict Cichlid Size The male convict cichlid grows up to 6 inches in length, while the female grows to an average length of 4 inches. Despite this, their weights are almost equal, about 33 to 37 grams. Care Level : Easy. (2004). [9][10] The Honduran Red Point Convict ranges from Atlantic Honduras south to Costa Rica. Above: In this picture a young premium quality Polar Blue Parrot Cichlid is swimming in one of our aquariums, when one of us snapped this picture . [5] However, a 2008 study led by Oldrich Rican proposed moving the species in Cryptoheros and Amatitlania, including Amatitlania nigrofasciata into the genus Hypsophrys.[6]. Convict Cichlid Size is about 1.5-2 inches. This can provide hours of enjoyment. [30][31] In darkness the pair recognizes each other and detect predators using their sense of smell. See more ideas about Cichlids, Fish, Fish pet. Male fish can reach up to 13 – 15 cm whereas female fish can reach up to 8 – 10 cm. Smaller=friendlier? [11][12], The common name convict cichlid is, like the species name, derived from the vertical black stripes on the body which are reminiscent of the striped prison uniforms of British convicts. Itzkovich, J., et al. Reis, S.O. Females usually have pink or orange on the belly. The minimum tank size for a Convict Cichlid male and female is 30 gallons. They have the common name of "convict" because of the white and black contrasting patterns they sport. #convictcichlids #fishkeeping. [48], The aquarium should be decorated to mimic the natural environment and include rocks and artificial caves for breeding. (1981). [42], Convict cichlids may show extended biparental care and adopt unrelated young of the same species of similar or smaller body size compared to their own biological offspring. Also carrying the name of the Zebra Cichlid. Smaller=friendlier? Now established in Opaek’a and Kalama streams on Kauai. Its average lifespan is about 8 — 10 years, though provided with proper care the fish may live longer. [21] It has also been captured in Perth, Western Australia, although this initial capture also resulted in its eradication. Native range: Central America Introduction: Likely aquarium release. Even the males grow up to 6”, whereas the females can only grow up to 4.5”. They are known to attack without reason and without provocation (encroachment of territory etc. [49] The species also consumes aquatic plants so plastic plants or robust plants such as java fern or water sprite are recommended. Robins, C. R., et al. [1] Convict cichlids prefer moving water, and are most frequently found in habitats with cover in the form of rocks or sunken branches. Due to their prolific breeding in captivity, there is a very low demand for Convict fry, and one may easily find their aquarium overstocked with an inbreeding population of Convicts without any avenues for adoption. Comments: These are awesome fish with great coloration and a very unusual mouth shape. Males may have longer dorsal fins. J. M. Dow. The former variable was considered because the specialization of parental roles only occurs when both parents are present, while the latter variable was considered because it is thought that biparental care in these cichlids was an evolutionary consequence of the protection of offspring from intruders. Quite often you may encounter pink convict cichlid – its body is pinkish and yellow, the eyes are dark colored. The male convict cichlid grows up to 6 inches (15.2 cm) in length, while the female grows to an average length of 4 inches (10.2cm). Convict Cichlid Size Difference Between Male and Female. Kribensis Cichlid. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. Scientific Name: Amatitlania nigrofasciata Common Name: Marble Convict Cichlid Max Size: 5" pH: 6.0-8.0 Hardness: Hard Temperature: 70-82° Aggressiveness: Aggressive Region of Origin: Central America Captive Bred or Wild: Captive Bred Diet: Flake or pellet, frozen … [14] She has more intense black bands across the body, and pink to orange colouration in the ventral region and on the dorsal fin. My pair of reg Convict Chichlid spawned a couple mo ago. The parents may benefit by adopting smaller young by taking advantage of the dilution effect, which is when the risk of predation for an individual is reduced because the group size is larger. Electric Blue Cichlid/Electric Blue Hap (Sciaenochromis fryeri) Difficulty: Easy. The Convict Cichlid has a very aggressive attitude towards other fish, regardless of their size. In other words, convicts can breed in almost any reasonably environment. Kullander, S.O., 2003. [19] At four natural habitats of the convict cichlid in Costa Rica, the pH was found to range from 6.6–7.8, while carbonate hardness (KH) ranged from 63 to 77 ppm CaCO3. Ideal tank mates for convict cichlids consists of robust similar sized fish. Similarly, the species epithet nigrofasciatus literally means "black-striped". The adult Cichlid has eight or nine black stripes on its body and the juvenile fish has fewer stripes than the adult fish. These fish are semi-aggressive and need an isolated place to dwell. Males are larger than females, and they have more pointed ventral, dorsal and anal fins which often extend into filaments. from a stream in Honduras. Privacy Policy | SiteMap | Aquarium Dictionary | Affiliate Disclosure | Contact Us. This listing is for one fish. This animal is part of the Freshwater Frenzy DLC. However, often size is not the only criterion, besides this, the fish should have a fairly peaceful character (the ability to get along even with smaller species), and not cause serious harm to the aquarium plants, do not dig soil, etc. The gall of subordination: changes in gall bladder function associated with social stress. Convict Cichlids, also known as zebra cichlids due to their beautiful black and white stripes, are an ideal fish for beginners. While they can be found in a huge range of colors and contrasts, female fish are rather brighter than the male of the species. This listing is for one fish. Decor: Black Convicts do not need gravel and a layer more than 1/4" thick will usually fill with bits of uneaten food that will contaminate the water. The convict cichlids are more aggressive at 30 °C as opposed to 26 °C, which may be explained by the fact that convict cichlids tend to set up their breeding sites and spawn at 30 °C.
2020 convict cichlid size