US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. Medicinal Plants of Tropical West Africa. 2009e, Spermolepis hawaiiensis (Hawaii scaleseed), US Fish and Wildlife Service, London, UK; New York, USA: Macmillan Press, Izaguirre-Mayoral ML, Carballo O, Gil F, 1990. Some species of Kalanchoe are characterized by the capability to produce plantlets in notches at the margin of the leaf blade. K. pinnata was not present in transects at this site in 1982 but was present in 1997 (Batianoff and Franks, 1998). Flower. As plantlets fall to the ground, they rapidly colonize the surrounding area.Accidental Introduction Kalanchoe Scientific Name: Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Poelln. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 33:97-102, Pal S, Chaudhuri AKN, 1992. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. The methanolic extract of K. pinnata has shown potent cytotoxicity in vitro against tumour cell cultures (Yamagishi et al., 1988), significant anti-ulcer activity in nine experimental animal models (Pal and Chaudhuri, 1991), and potent central nervous system depressant action (Pal et al., 1999). In: Leistner OA, ed. Technical Paper - South Pacific Commission, No. All About Growing Kalanchoe. Scientific name: Kalanchoe sp. Kalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells); seedlings amongst litter layer. Solanum sandwicense (Popolo 'aiakeakua). Flora Zambesiaca, 7:3-74, Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011. The Caiçaras Indians of Brazil use K. pinnata for the treatment of general aches, cough, bronchitis, influenza, pneumonia and dermatitis (Begossi et al., 2002). Indian Medicinal Plants. Flora of the Cayman Islands. 146. Plantas vasculares naturalizadas no arquipélago da Madeira.) Flora of Tropical East Africa. \Martín, J. L. \Zurita, N. \Arechavaleta, M.]., Spain: Consejería de Medio Ambiente y Ordenación Territorial, Gobierno de Canarias, 96-143, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong MT, 2012. In Fiji it often forms dense stands, occurring from near sea level to an elevation of 550 m as a weed of waste places, cultivated fields and roadsides, naturalized on rocky coasts and slopes and sometimes in dry forest (Smith, 1985). Flora of South East Queensland., Brisbane, Australia: Queensland Department of Primary Industries. The New Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening. Toxicological analysis and effectiveness of oral Kalanchoe pinnata on a human case of cutaneous leishmaniasis. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Acuna G J, 1974. Kalanchoe pinnata, formerly known as Bryophyllum pinnatum, also known as the air plant, cathedral bells, life plant, miracle leaf, and Goethe plant is a succulent plant native to Madagascar, which is a popular houseplant and has become naturalized in tropical and subtropical areas. Web Listing of Plants of the Guiana Shield (for Anthophyta A-L) and the Guianas. In: Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias (hongos, plantas y animales terrestres), [ed. Report to the Kingdom of Tonga on Invasive Plant Species of Environmental Concern., Honolulu, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. In: Kew Bulletin Additional Series, London, UK: Royal Botanical Gardens. Crassulaceae. 190 pp. Studies on the anti-ulcer activity of a Bryophyllum pinnatum leaf extract in experimental animals. Lublin, Poland, BDG Program, 2003. The juice of the fresh leaves is used very effectively for the treatment of jaundice in folk medicines of Bundelkhand region of India. http://www.europe-aliens.org/, Dobremez JF, Shakya PR, Camaret S, Vigny F, Eynard-Machet R, 2002. brevicalyx Raym.-Hamet & H. Perrier, Kalanchoe pinnata var. Kalanchoe daigremontiana: Mother of Thousands (or Mother of Millions, depending on how many babies she has) with spotted but spear shaped leaves outlined with baby plants.. Kalanchoe 'Butterfly Wings' is a beautiful red to purple clone of Kalanchoe daigremontiana. The genus has a very wide distribution area. Brisbane, Australia: Government Printer, Baldwin JT Jr, 1938. This is an ecophysiological adaptation to arid or other water-stressed environments. In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Schiedea stellarioides (no common name) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.7 pp. Crassulaceae. Guide to the naturalized and invasive plants of Eastern Africa. A few of the chromosomes are markedly smaller than the rest so the haploid number could be interpreted as n=17+3 or n=18+2. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. Australian National Cacti and Succulent Journal, 1:38, Forster PI, 1997. is an accepted name The Plant List In Queensland, Australia, K. pinnata occurs along sandy and rocky shores and estuaries, densities increasing from the coast to inland areas (Batianoff and Franks, 1997). Formes de croissance et multiplication vegetative des Kalanchoe Malgaches. These include the Malayo-Polynesian speaking navigators from the Indo-Malay archipelago who visited and colonized Madagascar some time after the first century AD. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation : US Fish and Wildlife Service.28 pp. Mucilaginous plants and their uses in medicine. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2004. Micronesica, 6:291, Supratman U, Fujita T, Akiyama K, Hayashi H, 2000. New Zealand Plant Names Database., New Zealand: Landcare Research. Kalanchoe globulifera var. Identification of waxes from the leaves of Kalanchoe pinnata. coccinea H. Perrier: Christmas kalanchoe : Florist kalanchoe : Madagascar widow's thrill (Engl.) Weeds of the Pacific Islands. Plantas indeseables en los cultivos cubanos. Four species of Kalanchoe, including K. pinnata were responsible for 41 recorded poisoning incidents affecting 379 cattle in Queensland, Australia, between 1960 and 1984 (McKenzie and Armstrong, 1986). Hormonal regulation of epiphyllous bud release and development in Bryophyllum calycinum. In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Xylosma crenatum (no common name) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.7 pp. Plant Physiology, 129:1843-1851, Witt, A., Luke, Q., 2017. Phenolic components from the leaves of Kalanchoe pinnata. Web Listing of Plants of the Guiana Shield (for Anthophyta A-L) and the Guianas., http://www.mnh.si.edu/biodiversity/bdg/planthtml/index.html. According to Boiteau and Allorge-Boiteau (1995), the native range of K. pinnata is in the northern half of Madagascar. Oxford, UK: Pergamon, 1-26, PIER, 2004. 241pp. 2008a, US Fish and Wildlife Service, by Leistner OA]. Quarterly Journal of Crude Drug Research, 15:201-202, Boggan J, Funk V, Kelloff C, Hoff M, Cremers G, Feuillet C, eds, 1997. On the island of St John, US Virgin Islands, K. pinnata forms dense stands crowding out native herbaceous vegetation (Ting, 1989), and in the Galapagos Islands, K. pinnata not only replaces the herb layer with a monospecific stand, but forms a dense carpet that inhibits the regeneration of the shrub and tree layers (Tye, 2001). Metsulfuron and triclopyr/picloram did not give good control. In west tropical Africa, the leaf juice is fed into a newborn infant's mouth, while an infusion is drunk by the child and the mother (Dalziel, 1937). + appendices. These remain dormant until conditions are favourable for plantlet formation (Yarbrough, 1932). Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. In: Phyllostegia mollis (no common name). 2010k, US Fish and Wildlife Service, A methanolic extract of K. pinnata leaves has been studied for anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic activities in animal models. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). In Hawaii, USA, it has naturalized and is sometimes very abundant at low elevations, in dry to mesic, disturbed areas (Wagner et al., 1999). Fernandes R, 1983. The leaf edge is crenate and young plants are often produced in the marginal notches especially after leaf detachment. Space J, Flynn T, 2002. In: Federal Register , 76(148) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.46362-46593. Online database., Barbados: University of the West Indies. Crassulaceae. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation : US Fish and Wildlife Service.19 pp. Sparkes et al. Chromosome Morphology in Fritillaria, Alstroemeria, Silphium, and other Genera. The juice was also bactericidal to Streptococcus pyrogenes, Streptococcus faecalis, Proteus spp., Klebsiella spp., Shigella spp., Salmonella spp. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011. 1-140. Toelken HR, 1985. 5-Year Review Short Form Summary: Remya montgomeryi (no common name). http://www.theplantlist.org/, Ting IP, 1989. Proctor GR, 1984. Micronesica. Online Database. Tetramolopium filiforme (no common name). Flora Himalaya Database., France: Laboratoire d'Ecologie Alpine. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011. Molecular phylogeny of the genus Kalanchoe (Crassulaceae) inferred from nucleotide sequences of the ITS-1 and ITS-2 regions. 2010e, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Queensland Agricultural Journal, 112(3):105-108, Meyer J-Y, 2000. Forest Research, 10(5):546-550; 15 ref, Huxley AJ, Griffiths M, Levy M, 1992. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 1998. According to Naylor (1932), the primordia for the epiphyllous buds already exist in the leaf notches. Plant Protection Quarterly, 17(2):77-80; 15 ref, Stanley TD, Ross EM, 1986. 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Schiedea kauaiensis (no common name). Seeds are available from commercial nurseries via mail-order catalogues and web-sites. Department of Agriculture and Commerce, Philippine Islands Technical Bulletin, 16:1-1234, Rao VG, Alaka Pande, Patwardhan PG, 1989. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Lipids, 26:660-665, Akinpelu DA, 2000. Acuña G J, 1974. genuina Raym.-Hamet,             Subphylum: Angiospermae,                 Class: Dicotyledonae,                     Order: Rosales,                         Family: Crassulaceae,                             Genus: Kalanchoe,                                 Species: Kalanchoe pinnata, Highly adaptable to different environments, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately, Difficult to identify/detect as a commodity contaminant. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. KIV infection also impaired the diurnal pattern of CAM synthesis and hydrolysis of starch. American Journal of Botany, 35:695-706. Ultrastructural studies of infected leaves indicated that KIV caused an increase in chloroplast volume, distortion of the grana and reduced the number of thylakoids per granum. A hand weeding exercise to remove K. pinnata was costed at Au$2095/ha (Sparkes et al., 2002). Report to the Kingdom of Tonga on Invasive Plant Species of Environmental Concern. (Plantas indeseables en los cultivos cubanos.). Christmas kalanchoe: ... Kalanchoe is a succulent, compact herb, growing to a height of 30 to 45 centimeters. Kalanchoe paniculata. It is possible that the introduction of K. pinnata to other islands and the lands adjoining the Indian Ocean occurred some time after this. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Online database. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. Foliar application of glyphosate is used for the control of K. pinnata in the Galapagos Islands (Soria et al., 2002). In New South Wales, Australia, it is a declared noxious weed under that state's Noxious Weed Act (1993) in the shire of Maclean. Other species collected on K. pinnata in its introduced range in South Africa include Aphis sedi (Hemiptera: Aphididae), Alcidodes sedi (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), Scirtothrips aurantii (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and an unidentified weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Conoderinae). Plant Protection Quarterly, 12(4):180-186; 26 ref, Batianoff GN, Franks AJ, 1998. Phytotherapy Research, 17:801-803, Tye A, 2001. Anti-inflammatory action of Bryophyllum pinnatum leaf extract. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation : US Fish and Wildlife Service.19 pp. 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Schiedea membranacea (no common name). In: Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. The genus Kalanchoe includes about 145 species native to the Old World, especially southern Africa, Arabia and South East Asia. A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae. Recent studies circumscribe the family Crassulaceae into three sub-families: Crassuloideae, Kalanchoideae and Sempervivoideae (Ham and 't Hart, 1998; Mort et al., 2001; Stevens, 2012). Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies. Kalanchoe delagoensisis a perennial succulent, reproducing asexually through small plantlets borne at the ends of each leaf. [ed. Acebes JR, Arco Mdel, García-Gallo A, León MC, Pérez PL, Rodríguez O, Wildpret Torre Wde la, Martín VE, Marrero MC, Rodríguez ML, 2001. D. B. Taraporevala Sons & Co. Ltd., 210 Hornby Rd., Bombay. A Geographical Atlas of World Weeds., Malabar, Florida, Krieger Publishing Co. Kress WJ, Defilipps RA, Farr E, Kyi DYY, 2003. Sterols of Kalanchoe pinnata: First report of the isolation of both C-24 epimers of 24-alkyl-DELTA-25-sterols from a higher plant. Phyllostegia knudsenii (Waimea phyllostegia), US Fish and Wildlife Service, In: Plant parasitic nematodes of the Pacific. Aliso. 2003, US Fish and Wildlife Service, pinnata cannot withstand trampling by animals and therefore only tends to thrive on rock piles and along fence lines in pastures.Associations Report to the Republic of Palau on Invasive Species of Environmental Concern., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. The name came from the Chinese name "Kalan Chauhuy", which means "that which falls and grows". Plant parasitic nematodes of the Pacific. Plant Science, 160:827-835, Gehrig HH, Roesicke H, Kluge M, 1997. Fosberg F R, Sachet M H, Oliver R, 1979. 3 other plants in the family Crassulaceae that can sometimes be confused with Kalanchoes: Echeveria hybrid (left); Aeonium nobile (right) and Crassula cotyledonis (below) My introduction to Kalanchoes was with an infamous plant, one of whose common names is Mother of Thousands. New Zealand Plant Names Database. American Journal of Botany, 19:443-453. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii, USA: National Tropical Botanic Gardens, 758 pp, Soria M, Taylor U, Tye A, Wilkinson SR, 2002. In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Stenogyne campanulata (no common name) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.6 pp. Medical Science Research, 20(3):103-104; 16 ref, Orton Williams KJ, 1980. Aphthona sp. Kalanchoe plants are succulent having thick leaves. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, Revised ed. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Morphogenesis of propagules in viviparous species Bryophyllum daigremontianum and B. calycinum. In: Harden GJ, ed. Crassulacean Acid Metabolism. However, it has also been found on the eastern seaboard, in the south, just north of Fort Dauphin (ABR Witt, ARC-PPRI, South Africa, personal communication, 2004). 192 pp. In: Urera kaalae (opuhe). Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 45:1-590, Kunjun F, Gilbert MG, 2001. An actual succulent that takes very little […] Sensitive spectrophotometric assay for 3-hydroxy-substituted flavonoids, based on their binding with molybdenum, antimony, or bismuth. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Kalanchoe pinnata Kalanchoe daigremontiana 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Xylosma crenatum (no common name). Human Ecology, 30:281-299, Berger A, 1930. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2003. http://www.mnh.si.edu/biodiversity/bdg/planthtml/index.html, Begossi A, Hanazaki N, Tamashiro JY, 2002. Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. A comparative study by d13C -analysis of crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) in Kalanchoe (Crassulaceae) species of Africa and Madagascar. The effects of various herbicides on Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) (Plantas Invasoras en Cuba). (1996) found that epiphyllous bud development in K. pinnata proceeds via embryoidogenesis (i.e. Kalanchoes are native to Madagasgar and thrive in arid environments, making them popular succulents.Growers are drawn to Kalanchoe for its ease of care and interesting leaves and flowers, which bloom consistently throughout the year in response to daylight. Flora of Southern Africa 14. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Listing 23 Species on Oahu as Endangered and Designating Critical Habitat for 124 Species. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. In host range trials, Alcidodes sedi could complete its development on a number of Bryophyllum and Kalanchoe species but failed to develop on other related species in the Crassulaceae (ABR Witt, ARC-PPRI, South Africa, unpublished data, 2004). 1995, Cyrtandra limahuliensis (Limahuli cyrtandra), Isodendrion longifolium (longleaf isodendrion), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Recovery Plan for the Kauai Plant Cluster. Stanley TD, Ross EM, 1986. Epiphyllous bud differentiation in Kalanchoe pinnata: a model developmental system. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. 15 SIDDIQUI S, FAIZI S, SIDDIQUI B, SULTANA N, 1989 pp. Movement of K. pinnata to the Caribbean and South America may have occurred after the arrival of early European traders in the Indian Ocean or possibly during the slave trade from West Africa.
2020 kalanchoe scientific name